Since the implementation of OBDII, the oxygen sensor has been a main staple of engine management systems. Modern oxygen sensors are much faster and more accurate than their older counterparts. This allows the engine to enter closed loop control faster which decreases emissions and fuel usage by as much as 15-20%. O2 sensors are separated
Additions were made to the rotating machine, oxygen sensor and fuel pump product lines.
When confronted with a fuel control problem on a modern vehicle, I’ll normally use short- and long-term fuel trims to determine if the problem is caused by one of many failures such as a vacuum leak or a leaking fuel pressure regulator. If you’re like me, you’ll occasionally access the air/fuel ratio (AFR) sensor serial