The 2015-2019 Volkswagen E-Golf was a vehicle introduced in the U.S. to satisfy the state of California’s requirement for zero-emissions vehicles. Unlike many one-off electric vehicles from FCA, Ford and GM, the E-golf was offered nationwide. Only about 20,000 E-Golfs are on the roads, but the E-golf remains an excellent example of the EV service opportunities
If a manufacturer introduces a new vehicle with a new ACEA sequence specification, the oil must be on shelves.
The BMW i3 has reached an age where it is an opportunity for European specialists. The i3 is an electric vehicle with an optional range-extending gasoline engine. The first model year was 2014, and the last year was 2021. More than 45,000 were sold in the US. The uni-body of the i3 is made from
Lithium-ion 12-volt batteries didn’t gain a lot of attention and have “flown under the radar” in the few years since being introduced by BMW. Customers likely don’t know which type of battery they have, and technicians likely won’t know either without learning how to identify them. Let’s dig into this type of battery construction, and
As models get more luxurious, features like air suspension and adaptive cruise control can make the alignment more complex.
The system provides great ride & handling, but it can be complicated to service if you do not have the right training.
As the Quattro system has evolved, so have the controls for the front, rear and center differential systems.
Two technologies are being used that are allowing engineers to put better bearings in smaller packages.
Porsche was the first manufacturer to use TPMS on a vehicle in 1986 for the 959 supercar.
Let’s face it, modern vehicles are more dependent on electrical systems than ever before. These days, it seems that you can’t turn on a heated seat, turn on a light, or roll down a window without one or more control units communicating with one another. This of course presents a tremendous challenge for future vehicles,